巴比奇球员(阿根廷球星迪巴拉)

世界杯直播 52 0

使教育过程成为一种艺术巴比奇球员的事业

教学背景

本单元话题——计算机(computer)俗称电脑巴比奇球员,是20世纪最先进的科学技术发明之一,对人类的生产活动和社会活动产生巴比奇球员了极其重要的影响,并以强大的生命力飞速发展。它的应用领域从最初的军事科研应用扩展到社会的各个领域,已形成了规模巨大的计算机产业,带动了全球范围的技术进步,由此引发了深刻的社会变革,计算机已遍及一般学校、企事业单位,进入寻常百姓家,成为信息社会中必不可少的工具。

疑难追踪

1.In pairs discuss what they have in common.(P17)

难句解读

两人一组,讨论它们有什么共同之处。

have sth. in common (with sb. or sth.)

意为“与……有(想法、兴趣、特征等)相同之处”(=to have the same interests, attitudes etc as sb. else ; to share the same features, characteristics etc as sth. else)。相关词组有:have nothing in common无共同之处;have little in common几乎无共同之处;have something in common有一些共同之处;have a lot in common有许多共同之处。

例如:

Hip-hop and rap have much in common with blues and rock, but they also have their own characteristics.

展开全文

嘻哈乐和说唱乐与布鲁斯和摇滚乐有许多共同之处,但是它们也都有各自的特点。

I found I had a lot in common with these people.

我发现我跟这些人有很多相同之处。

Jane and I have nothing in common in character./I have nothing in common with Jane in character.

我与简在性格上没有丝毫共同之处。

难点深究

注意in common和in common with的用法区别:in common意为“共同的;共有的;共用的”(=for or by all of a group)。in common with sb./sth. 意为“与……相同;像……一样”(= (formal) in the same way as sb. or sth.),用于正式场合,口语中可用like替换。

例如:

The swimming pool is used in common by all the children in the neighborhood.

这个游泳池是社区孩子共用的。

Britain, in common with (=like) many other industrialized countries, has experienced major changes over the last 100 years.

与许多其他工业化国家一样,英国在过去100年里经历了重大变化。

In common with (=Like) my teammates, I enjoy staying home reading novels when I am on holiday.

和我的同伴们一样,放假时,我喜欢呆在家里看小说。

2.Do you know in what ways computers are used today? Work out a list and compare it with your partner.(P17)

难句解读

巴比奇球员你知道如今电脑运用在哪些方面吗?拟定一个(电脑运用领域的)清单,然后与搭档进行比较。

what ways

是先行词,关系词that 或in which被省略。当the way 做先行词,其后跟定语从句时,引导定语从句的关系词有三种选择:that ,in which或不用关系代词。类似的结构有:Do you know in whose office she works?(你知道她在谁的手下工作吗?)

work out

此处意为“详细拟定(计划、方案等);周密地想出”(=to think carefully about how you are going to do something and plan a good way of doing it)。

例如:

UN negotiators have worked out a set of compromise proposals.

联合国斡旋人员详细拟定了一套和解方案。

We need to work out how we're going to get there.

我们需要周详地考虑怎样去那儿。

I had it all worked out (=had made very careful plans).这件事我已经周密地计划。

难点深究

work out常用的含义还有:

①“计算;计算出”(=to do a calculation to get an answer to a mathematical question)。例如:

We need to work out the total cost of the project.我们需要计算出这个工程的总造价。

②“锻炼身体;做运动”(=to do physical exercises to make your body fit and strong)。

例如:

巴比奇球员(阿根廷球星迪巴拉) 巴比奇球员 第1张

David works out in the gym two or three times a week.

大卫每周到健身房锻炼两到三次。

3.Over time I have been changed quite a lot.(P18)

难句解读

随着时间的推移,我已被改变了很多。

have been changed

是现在完成时的被动语态(本单元的主要语法项目),表示一个被动动作已经完成。over time意为“随着时间的推移”(=as time passes)。

句中(quite) a lot用作副词,修饰谓语动词have been changed,表示程度,意思是“很;非常”(=very much or very often)。

例如:

Things have changed a lot since I was a child.自孩提时代起,世事已经变化很多。

I play badminton quite a lot (=very often) with David in the summer.

我夏天常跟大卫打羽毛球。

a lot还可以用作代词,意思是“大量;许多”(=a large number or amount)。

例如:

She still has an awful lot (=a very large amount) to learn.

她要学的东西还多着呢。

相对地,a lot of (=lots of)则用作限定词(determiner),意为“大量的;许多”(=a large number or amount of),可修饰不可数名词或可数名词复数形式。

例如:

He does a lot of travelling in his job.

他的工作需要经常出行。

He earns lots of money.

他收入不菲。

难点深究

over是介词,在本句中表示时间,意为“在……期间;在……中一直”(=during something; while doing something)。

例如:

Can we talk about this over dinner?

咱们边吃边谈好吧?

Over a period of ten years he stole a million pounds from the company.

10年时间里,他挪用了公司100万资金。

It's fascinating to watch how a baby changes and develops over time (=as time passes).

看着小娃娃一天天变化长大,真是有趣极了。

4.Although I was young I could simplify difficult sums.(P18)

难句解读

尽管我年龄不大,可我能够简化复杂的算术运算。

simplify

意为“简化;使简易”(=to make something less complicated and therefore easier to do or understand)。其同根词是simple(adj.简单的),simplification(n.简化),simplified(adj.简化的;简写的)。

-(i)fy是动词后缀,常加在形容词后构成动词,表示“使……(化)”的意思,如:purify(净化),solidify(使凝结),beautify(美化,使美丽)。

sum此处作“算术题;运算”解(=a simple problem that involves calculating numbers)。

例如:

Complaints have led to (a) simplification of the rules.

因为人们抱怨,规则简化了。

This is a simplified version of the story for young children.

这是供小朋友阅读的故事简写本。

I remember how much I hated doing sums when I was at school.

我依稀记得念书的时候有多讨厌做算术题。

难点深究

sum常用的含义还有:

①“金额;款项”(=an amount of money)。例如:

He owes me a large sum of money.(=He owes me a large amount of money.) 他欠我一大笔钱。

②“和;总和;总数”(=the whole number or amount when two or more numbers or amounts have been added together)。例如:

The sum of thirteen and eight is twentyone.13加8的和是21。

③“全部;一切”(=all of something)。

例如:

I'm afraid that's the pitiful sum of my knowledge on the subject!

恐怕那就是我对这门学科的全部所知了!

④ in sum“总而言之”(=to sum up)。

例如:

The meeting was, in sum, a disaster.

总之,这次会议糟糕透了。

5.I developed very slowly and it took nearly two hundred years before I was built as an analytical machine by Charles Babbage.(P18)

难句解读

我发育缓慢,差不多到了两百年后,查尔斯·巴比奇才把我制成了一台分析机。 “

It's + some time + before

从句……”是固定句型,在此句中意思是“过了多久……才……”。

例如:

It may be many years before the situation improves.

这种状况或许要过许多年才能改变。

难点深究

before的多种意义和句型:

before 连词,表示“在……之前”。后接从句时,在不同的语境中,有比较灵活的翻译方法,如“趁……”、“还没来得及……就……”、“过了……才……”等。

例如:

She had left before I could say a word.

我还没来得及说话她就走了。

Before she could move, she heard a loud noise, which grew to a terrible roar.

她还没来得及动弹,就听见有很响的声音,接着就成了可怕的轰鸣声。

It was long before I saw her again.

过了很久我才再次见到她。

注意下列句型的含义和用法:

It took/was long before…过了很久才……

It won't take/be long before…不久就会……

It didn't take/wasn't long before…不久就……

It will take/be long before…要过很久才……

before long不久(单独作状语)

long before很久以前(可单独作状语,也可引导句子作状语)

It's+时间+since/that/when/before句型用法的差别:

It's + some time + since从句.“自从……以来已经多久了”,since从句的时态必须是一般过去时。It's + some time + that从句“……多久了”,此为强调句型,去掉It's和that之后,剩下部分必须是个完整的句子。It's + some time + when从句.“……是在某个时刻”。when从句是定语从句,要求从句的时态和主句的时态对应。It's + some time + before从句“过了多久……才……”,before从句的时态必须是一般过去时。

例如:

It's ten years since I graduated.

自从我毕业以来,已经十年了。

It was not until she got home that Jennifer realized she had lost her keys.

直到回家了,Jennifer才意识到钥匙丢了。

It was ten years ago when I graduated.

我毕业是在十年前。

It was ten years before I graduated.

过了十年后,我才毕业。

6.At that time it was considered a technological revolution and the start of my “artificial intelligence”.(P18)

难句解读

在当时,此举被看作一次技术上的革命,也被看作是我(电脑)“人工智能”的开始。

technological revolution

技术革命;artificial intelligence人工智能(=an area of study concerned with making computers copy intelligent human behavior)。technological 形容词,意为“技术上的”;technology 名词“技术”。artificial 形容词,意为“人工的;人造的;假的(=not real; made or produced to copy sth. natural)”。

例如:

artificial flowers/artificial fertilizer/limbs/pearls

假花/人工肥/假肢/假珍珠。

难点深究

consider在本句的意思是“认为……是……;把……看作……”(=to believe sb. or sth. to be, or think of them as),通常的搭配是consider+sb./sth.+(to be)+n. or adj.或consider+sb./sth.+(as)+n.。

consider另一个常用含义是“仔细考虑;细想”(=to think about something carefully, especially before making a choice or decision),作此义解时后可接名词、代词、动名词或从句作宾语。

例如:

He is currently considered (to be/as) the best British athlete.

如今,人们认为他是英国最好的运动员。

It is considered (to be) bad manners in some cultures to speak with your mouth full of food.

在某些文化中,口含食物讲话被视为没有礼貌。

Have you considered what you'll do if you don't get the job?

假如得到这份工作,你考虑过将做些什么?

We're considering selling the house.

我们在考虑卖掉这栋房子。

“把……看作……;认为……是……”的表达方式:

consider…as…=think of…as…=look on…as…=regard…as…=treat…as…=have…as…=count…as…=view…as…=take…as…

“考虑”的表达方式:

consider sth.=take sth. into consideration=take sth. into account=take account of sth.

“考虑到……”句型表达法:

① Considering(考虑到)+名词/that-从句+……,+主句;

② Allowing for(考虑到)+名词……,+主句;

③ Given(考虑到)+名词/that-从句+……,+主句;

④ Seeing that-从句(考虑到/由于)+……,+主句。

例如:

Considering he's only just started, he knows quite a lot about it.

考虑到他只是刚刚开始,他对此的了解已经不少了。

It will take about an hour to get there, allowing for traffic delays.

考虑到交通阻塞,到那里大约需要一小时。

7.In 1936 my real father, Alan Turing, wrote a book about how I could be made to work as a “universal machine” to solve any difficult mathematical problem.(P18)

难句解读

在1936年,我真正的父亲,艾伦·图灵写了一本书,讲述了怎样能使我成为一台“通用机器”来解决任何数学难题。

be made to do…

是make sb do…的被动结构,使用中要注意不要掉了to。

例如:

The prisoners are made to dig holes and fill them in again.

这些犯人被迫挖坑然后再用土回填。

work as=act as=serve as 充当;担任

例如:

She works as a consultant for a design company.

她在一家设计公司担任咨询顾问。

solve 解决;解答(= to find an answer to a problem)。solve的名词形式是solution,意思是“解决方法”(=a way of solving a problem or dealing with a difficult situation),使用时后面接介词to。

例如:

Just calm down — shouting won't solve anything!

冷静下来啦,大喊大叫是无济于事的。

There's no easy solution to this problem.

这道题不容易解答。

难点深究

universal意思是“普遍的;通用的;宇宙的”(=existing everywhere or involving everyone)。

例如:

Such problems are a universal feature of old age.

这类问题是老年人的通病。

The new reforms have not met with universal approval within the government.

这些改革的新举措,在政府内部并没有取得普遍的认同。

settle与solve的区别:

二者都有“解决”的意思,但settle的解决对象往往是某种形式的争端,solve的解决对象则是一个需要给出答案的问题。如:settle an issue/a quarrel/a matter, solve a problem/a puzzle等。

8.From then on, I grew rapidly both in size and in brainpower.(P18)

难句解读

从那时起,我无论是个头还是大脑容量都迅速增长。

from…on

意为“从……时起”(=starting from the time mentioned and continuously after that)。

例如:

From now on (=From this moment and always in the future) you can work on your own.

从现在起你可以独自工作。

She never spoke to him again from that day on.

从那天起她再没和他说话。

9.As a result I totally changed my shape.(P18)

难句解读

因此,我已经完全改变了我的形状。

as a result

意为“因此,所以”,表结果。as a result of意为“因为”,表原因 。

例如:

As a result, we have to water the vegetable garden.

因此我们不得不给菜地浇水。

After burners have to be used. As a result fuel consumption is heavier.

不得不使用加力燃烧室,结果燃料消耗量增加了。

As a result, costs will be reduced by as much as 90%.

因此,成本会降低多达90%。

He didn't work hard, as a result he failed his exam.

他不用功,结果考试不及格。

He was late as a result of the snow.

由于大雪他迟到了。

Five hundred jobs were axed as a result of government spending cuts.

由于政府缩减经费的缘故,有五百人被突然解雇了。

难点深究

与result相关的短语还有:

get a result 达到目的;

in result因此,结果;

in the result结果,后来;

without result徒劳地,毫无结果地,无效地;with the result that从而;因此;结果是;

result in 导致,结果为;

result from因为,源自

10.I have even been put into space rockets and sent to explore the Moon and Mars.(P18)

难句解读

我被装进了航天火箭并被发射上天探索月球和火星。

explore

做动词,意思是“探索;探测;探究;勘探;考察”(= to search and discover about something;to think or talk about something in order to find out more about it)。

例如:

I'm going to explore the possibility of a part time job.

我要探讨一下业余兼职的可行性。

The best way to explore the countryside is on foot.

考察郊区最好是徒步。

exploration n.探索;探测;探究;勘探

例句:

Livingstone was the first European to make an exploration of the Zambezi river.

里维斯通是第一个勘察赞比西河的欧洲人。

11.Anyhow, my goal is to provide humans with a life of high quality.(P18)

难句解读

不管怎样,我的目标就是给人类提供高质量的生活。

anyhow

作副词,意思是“无论如何;不管怎样;即使如此;反正”。作此义解时,与anyway可换用。

例如:

This wasn't my fault, anyway.

反正那不是我的过错。

It doesn't make any difference because we are going to be late anyway.

这没有多大关系,反正我们要迟到了。

provide sb. with sth.=provide sth. for sb.为……提供……

例如:

We have concerns about whether the government will be able to provide social services for poorer families.

=We have concerns about whether the government will be able to provide poor families with social services.

我们关注的是政府能否为贫困家庭提供社会援助。

goal 目标,目的;(足球等的)球门;(进球)得分

例如:

They achieved their goal of increasing sales by five percent.

他们实现了销售额增长百分之五的目标;

Only one goal was scored in the entire match.整场比赛只进了一个球。

Brazil won by three goals to one.

巴西队以3∶1的比分取胜。

I scored the first goal in the game.

我进了比赛的第一个球。

难点深究

be+of+抽象名词”结构解析:

英语中,“of+抽象名词”结构相当于一个形容词,常用来描述人或事物的性质、特征,在句中可用作表语、定语或宾补。用于该结构的抽象名词通常有benefit,importance,use,value,help,significance等。这些名词前可用great,much,little,no等修饰,表示程度。

例如:

The animals are of great importance to people.=The animals are very important to people.

这些动物对人们非常重要(of+great/much+抽象名词=very+形容词)。

You will find this book of great use in learning English.

你会发现这本书对学英语很有作用(句中of great use作宾语补足语)。

“be+of+抽象名词”结构中,还可以跟size,height,age,colour,price,kind,type,shape等名词,表示主语的特征。这些名词没有相应的形容词形式,因此不能用“be+形容词”结构替换。但当“of+a/an”修饰“age(年龄)”、“size(尺寸)”、“price(价格)”时,可用(of) the same替换。

例如:

They were of an age.(=They were of the same age.)

他们年龄一样大。

The two goods are of a price.(=The two goods are the same price.)

这两种货物价格一样。

12.I am now truly filled with happiness that I am a devoted friend and helper of the human race!(P18)

难句解读

现在我浑身充盈着成为人类的忠实朋友和帮手的幸福感!

devoted

形容词,意为“忠实的;忠诚的;挚爱的”(=extremely loving and loyal to sb./sth.)。

例如:

They are devoted to their children.

他们深爱着自己的孩子。

Lucy is a devoted fan to Michael Jackson.

露西是迈克尔·杰克逊的忠实粉丝。

难点深究

devote动词,意为“献身于……;致力于……;专心于……”(=to give all of something, especially your time, effort or love, or yourself, to something you believe in or to a person),常用于devote sth. to sth./sb.结构。

例如:

He left government to devote more time to his family.

他辞掉官职,以便能有更多时间跟家人在一起。

She has devoted all her energies/life to the care of homeless people.

她把全部的精力/整个一生都致力于对无家可归人们的关怀。

13.He used to download information from the Internet and made good use of it.(P20)

难句解读

经常从网上下载信息并加以利用。

download

动词,意为“下载”(= to copy or move programs or information into a computer's memory, especially from the Internet or a larger computer)。

upload

动词,意为“上传”(=to copy or move programs or information to a larger computer system or to the Internet)。

例如:

Danny often plays games that are downloaded free from the Internet.

丹妮经常玩从网上免费下载的游戏。

make use of 利用(= to use something that is available)。

make the most of=make the best of=make good/full use of=take full advantage of 充分利用;好好利用

例如:

We might as well make use of the hotel's facilities.

我们不妨利用宾馆的设施。

Until recently, scientists were unable to make full use of antibody power.

到目前为止,科学家们还不能利用抗体的力量。

You should make the most of the fine weather.你应当充分利用这样的好天气。

Chances are precious and should be made the most of.

机会宝贵,应当充分加以利用。

难点深究

make构成的短语有:

make room for为……腾出地方;

make sense有意义;

make a difference有关系,有影响;

make a hit很成功,很受欢迎;

make ends meet使入能敷出,使收支相抵;

make up组成,编造,化妆;

be made up of由……组成;

make up for弥补;

make for向……走去,有助于……

14.For example, I have learned to signal to my teammates in computer language to give me the ball when I am open and have a good shot for a goal.(P23)

难句解读

例如,当我开着的时候,我可以用计算机语言向队员示意打球传给我,这样我可以好好射一个球。

signal

作动词,意为“发信号;示意”(=to make a sound or action in order to give information or tell someone to do something)。

作名词,意为“信号”(=a sound or action that you make in order to give information to someone or tell them to do something)。

例如:

She signaled to the cars behind that they were going the wrong way.

她示意后面的车辆走错了方向。

He signaled to the waiter for the bill./He gave a signal to the waiter for the bill.

他示意服务员结账。

难点深究

注意mark, symbol ,sign ,signal四个词的区别:

mark 强调事物的标记,一般是指用眼睛可以直接看到的,例如书上的、黑板上的;

symbol一般是指象征意义性的标志,可是实物也有可能是虚有的;

sign多指不可见的,很常见的一句话“give me a sign",sign 强调人为的标记 ;

signal也是虚幻不可见的,多是表“信号”的意思,如danger sinal。

例如:

The spilt coffee has left a mark on the table cloth.

洒出来的咖啡在桌布上留下了印渍。

Blue is a symbol of peace.

蓝色是和平的象征。

The cross is the symbol of Christianity .

十字架是基督教的象征。

A red light is usually a signal of danger.

红灯通常是危险信号。

David loves his car very much. He will take his car to a garage at the first sign of problem.

大卫非常爱惜车子,车子一有点问题的迹象马上就送到汽车修理厂。

15.They had developed a new type of program just before the competition.(P23)

难句解读

他们恰在比赛前研制了一个新程序。

type

作名词时,意为“类型”;它作动词时,意为“打字”。

例如:

This is a new type of machine, with lots of meters on it.

这是一种新型的机器, 上面有许多计量器。

Will you please type this letter for me?

你帮我打一下这封信好吗?

难点深究

注意type和 kind的区别:

type表示各项事物在本类中都是典型的;

kind特指在分类中能放在一起的性质相同且相似的一类事物。

16.In a way, our programmer is like my coach.(P23)

难句解读

从某种程度上看,我们的程序员就像是我们的教练。

in a/one way

意为“在某种程度上, 从某种意义上说”。

巴比奇球员(阿根廷球星迪巴拉) 巴比奇球员 第2张

例如:

In a way, his English has improved.

从某种程度上来说,他的英语有进步。

容易与之混淆的词组是: in the way 造成,阻碍

例如:

In a way, I like this new textbook very much.

从某种程度上说,我很喜欢这本新教材。

I'm afraid your bike is in the way.

恐怕你的自行车挡着道了。

难点深究

与way 相关的短语还有:

on the/one's way (to) 在(去……)的路上;

by the way 顺便提一下 ;

in no way 自始自终,完全地;

in this way 用这种方法。

17.Then she prepares reliable moves to use if a new situation arises.(P23)

难句解读

然后,如果新情况出现,她(电脑程序员)就会准备使用可靠的移动方法。

move

名词,此处意为“(机器人比赛中)移动位置;走法(=an act of changing the position in a game)。

例如:

The game was over in only six moves.

只走动了六步,比赛就结束了。

arise (arose, arisen)

作不及物动词,意为“起来;上升;出现”(= if a problem or difficult situation arises, it begins to happen;if something arises from or out of a situation, it is caused or started by that situation)。通常的搭配是arise from/out of由……而引起; 由……而产生;(烟等)从……升起。

例如:

Accidents can arise from (=result from) carelessness.

意外事故可能因疏忽而引起。

Smoke arose from the chimney.

烟从烟囱升起。

A new problem has arisen.

出现了一个新问题。

难点深究

注意arise, rise, raise, arouse的区别:

arise表示“出现,产生”,一般指不好的事情,比如,危险出现了,不好的后果产生了,可以用这个词。rise 是不及物动词,后面不能加宾语,没有被动语态,意为“升起;上升;增长;起身”。 raise 是及物动词,后面一定要加宾语,意思很多,有“抚养、举起”等意思。arouse通常比喻情绪方面的“激发”。

例如:

Serious complications may arise from this sudden change of plans.

突变的计划可能会导致严重的纠纷

Prices have risen quickly.

物价快速上涨了。

More problems like those at the nuclear power plant are certain to arise.

更多的像在核电厂出现的那样的问题必然会产生。

The lies he heard about his friend aroused his anger.

听到有人对他朋友造谣,激起了他的愤怒。

18.After all, with the help of my electronic brain which never forgets anything, using my intelligence is what Im all about.(P23)

难句解读

不管怎样,在我过目不忘的电子脑的帮助下,运用智能就是我的一切。

after all

意为“毕竟;终究;要知道;归根结底”(=in spite of what has been said, done or expected),可置于句首或句末。with the help of…/with one's help意为“在……的帮助下”。

例如:

Don't be angry with him. After all he is only a child.

别生他的气,他毕竟只是个孩子。

He is certain to come. After all, he has already accepted our invitation.

他肯定会来,要知道他已经接受了我们的邀请。

I had thought I was going to fail the exam, but I passed it after all.

虽然我原以为考试会不及格,但终究我还是及格了。

I've improved my English greatly with Tom's help.

在汤姆的帮助下,我的英语水平大有提高。

With the help of computer, you may not find it hard to deal with and share information.

在电脑的帮助下,你会发现处理和分享信息是不难的。

难点深究

注意above all,first of all,in all,at all,after all的辨异:

above all意为“尤其是;首要的是”(相当于most important of all),强调重要性。

first of all意为“首先”,强调次序。in all意为“总共;总计”。

at all用于否定句是表示“根本;全然”;用于疑问句时表示“究竟”。

after all意为“毕竟”。

例如:

He is strong, brave and, above all, honest.

他健壮、勇敢、更重要的是他诚实。

First of all, we must find a room to live in.

首先,我们必须找间房子住。

There are thirty in all in the party who will travel to Lanzhou.

赴兰州的旅游团总共有30人。

She doesn't care at all.

她根本不在乎。

Don't talk too much about him.After all, he is a child.

有关他的事情不要说了,他毕竟还是个孩子。

注意electronic/electric/electrical的辨异:

electronic“电子的”;electric“电的,电动的”,表示由电操控或由电产生的;electrical“电的”,表示与电有关的,如:电气科学的。

19.This means that it should clean the house, mop the floors, cook the dinner and deal with the telephone calls.(P24)

难句解读

那就意味着类人机器人得做清洁,拖地板,煮饭,接听电话。

deal with

意为“处理;处置;对付;应付;涉及;论述;与某人有社交商业等关系”。

例如:

How are you going to deal with the water pollution of this area?

你们打算怎样处理本地区的水污染问题?

He won't be able to deal with all kinds of complicated situations.

他应付不了各种复杂的情况。

Advances in medical science also allow us to deal with new diseases, such as SARS.

医学的进步也使我们能够治疗新的疾病,比如非典型性肺炎。

The next chapter deals with verbs.

下一章论述动词。

This book deals with an important issue.

这本书论及一个重要的问题。

We don't deal with terrorists.

我们不与恐怖分子打交道。

难点深究

do with的含义和用法:

①“处理;处置;对付”。在疑问句中,常与what搭配使用。

②与can和could连用,相当于need或want,意思是“需要,想要(某物)”。

例如:

You look as if you could do with a good night's sleep.你看来需要好好睡一晚。

③意为“不能忍受”(can't do with sb./sth.=can't tolerate sb./sth.)。

例如:

I can't do with loud music.=I can't tolerate loud music.我受不了喧闹的音乐。

④表示“与…有关”,用于have sth./anything/nothing to do with结构。

例如:

Her job has something to do with telephone.她的工作与电话有关。

deal with与do with用法辨析:

两者都有“处理;处置;对付”之意。区别在于:deal with中deal是不及物动词,本身不需要宾语,故常与how连用;do with中do为及物动词,须带宾语,故常和what连用。

例如:

You have to consider how to deal with/what to do with the material.

你得考虑用这材料做什么用。

What shall we do with the problem?/How shall we deal with the problem?

我们将如何处理这个问题?

20.It should also watch over my naughty niece, who comes to my house very often.(P24)

难句解读

它也应该看管好我那调皮的侄女,她常到我家闹腾。

watch over (sb./sth.)

是一个固定短语,意思是“看管;照料;监护;保护”(take care of)。

例如:

There must have been an angel watching over me that day.

那天,一定是有位天使在保护我。

The prince has two bodyguards watching over him every hour of the day.

王子一天二十四小时都有两位保镖保护着。

难点深究

watch构成的短语拓展:

watch out=be careful/look out/take care当心,留意; watch out for=look out for戒备,提防,密切注意; keep watch值班,看守,放哨; keep a close watch on sb./sth.密切注意,密切监视,严密看守。

例如:

Watch out! There's a car coming!

当心!汽车来了!

The customers are often reminded to watch out for thieves.

顾客经常被提醒要提防小偷。

The guards keep a close watch on the prisoners.

卫兵严密看守着囚犯。

参考书目:

张鑫友. 高中《英语》教材讲与练: 人教课标版. 一年级[M]. 湖北科学技术出版社.

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